Two low-dose levonorgestrel intrauterine contraceptive systems RCT

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safety of two low-dose levonorgestrel intrauterine contraceptive systems. Nulliparous and parous women aged 18-35 years with regular menstrual cycles (21-35 days) requesting contraception were randomized to 3 years of treatment with one of two levonorgestrel intrauterine contraceptive systems: 13.5 mg total content or 19.5 mg total content. The primary outcome was the pregnancy rate, calculated as the Pearl Index. The results showed that overall, 1,432 and 1,452 women in the 13.5 mg intrauterine contraceptive system and 19.5 mg intrauterine contraceptive system groups, respectively, had a placement attempted. Over the 3-year study period, 0.33 pregnancies per 100 women-years (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.16-0.60) were observed with the 13.5 mg intrauterine contraceptive system compared with 0.31 per 100 women-years (95% CI 0.15-0.57) with the 19.5 mgintrauterine contraceptive system. At least partial expulsions occurred in 4.56% and 3.58% and discontinuation rates resulting from a reported adverse event occurred in 21.9% and 19.1%, respectively. Ten of the 20 pregnancies were ectopic. Serious adverse events included six cases of pelvic inflammatory disease and one partial uterine perforation. The authors conclude that both lower-dose levonorgestrel intrauterine contraceptive systems were effective. Obstet Gynecol, December 2013. PMID: 24240244

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